acoc o cne eeoc cnocoo pee ope aa opaaooe nocpoee oo oe pa, o nooe e ecoo o. pnnpoa oo ona npooc no onpeee accao npaa. Paccop ocoe oo. aece oeoo npaa cnoco caoe opo ooo ona a oep npenp, oo e a na oo: .

1. ece, oopo ooa ona ocece opo c npeoaae o anae oepeo npenp, ae opo naeo a;

2. ooopo, oopo ooo ona e opooo naea a oepeo npenp, a opo ocecec a ocoa aeoo e ooopa.

acoc o oo, ae pao noe ooa ona, paa a a oo:

1. c, oopo ooa ona aee opo naea a oep npenp, caa e ee ao npooceo eeoc, a noe oo opoo-npaeece ;

2. cea, oopo ooa ona ec npooceo ee, ee oce eeoc, npoo npo, oaae c, o np o noe npaeece no ooe oep npenp.apa npenp opaa, oe o, c o pe npooceo aoc, oo e a a oo:

1. eppoa, oopo npenp ca eooeco enoo (pc. 1.1). a n oo no pooe pacnpocpaee eeaoo onece, e no pooco ooo ona oee npenp no oe, pacnoppoe, nepepaoe c npo. Hanpep, OAO "Tae" coao oee 100 caocoe pec ope oep npenp, cpe oop enocpeceo npooceo-eooec npoecco ca 44 (12 - paea oa e aa, 20 - npooco eoo oopoa, 12 - nepepaoa c e), 26 npenp aac ecoo acoo eeoc, a 47 - cepc ocae.

2. ooepa, oop oee paopoe npenp, e cae eooec npoecco. aoe oep npenp ee co ec, oe epe e ac o p oep p. a o o o npoocee ona, npenp oeceoo na, peae aeca (pc. 1.2).

acoc o cene aoo paa ae a a oo:

1. accec, oopo ooa ona ocece opo a oep pa c coeo npeoaaeo ac cao anae (c. pc. 1.1 1.2). oepe npenp, a npao, e ae a ooo ona, o acoo c a oooc e. pe cae o e ee nae a aepco ona.

2. nepepec, np oopo npenp ae opo naea a p pa (pc. 1.3). Taa opa oo apaepa no, e a aee opo naeo a npenp, a oo oaae opo naeo a aa. Ta opao, npoco cpaae acooo npoeoo anaa, o, c oo copo, oeae npenp ocn aco pecpca, ec aa, a c po copo, ae aa oooc nooc opopoa eeoc oep npenp, npeoca pe.

: 1 2

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2007 . 1999-2008 . 93,8 %, - 79,1 % ( 2008 ...


2013 . -- (), .. . ...

- 1934
, ...